Small bits of dead skin flakes fall off the scalp and land on the hair and shoulders in dandruff, a common scalp condition. Dandruff is considered to be a form of seborrheic dermatitis, a skin disorder that mostly affects the scalp, face, and chest because of thehigh oil gland density in these particular locations.
Although the precise cause of dandruff is unknown, it is believed to be related to a number of variables, including hormone imbalances, skin sensitivity, and an overgrowth of a yeast called Malassezia. Dandruff is not communicable.
White or yellow flakes on the scalp and hair, itching, and occasionally redness or inflammation of the scalp are all signs of dandruff. In extreme circumstances, the flakes appear on clothing and may be embarrassing or uncomfortable in social situations.
Topical lotions or ointments and medicated shampoos are frequently used as dandruff treatments. Salicylic acid, coal tar, ketoconazole, or selenium sulfide are examples of medicinal shampoo components that can help to lessen inflammation, eradicate the yeast, and clean the scalp of excess oil and dead skin cells. In some circumstances, a topical prescription-strength medication may also be required.
In addition to taking medicine, it's critical to keep up appropriate scalp cleanliness, which includes routinely shampooing and gently brushing away extra flakes and oils. Avoiding hair care products with strong chemicals or scents might also help to lessen scalp itchiness and inflammation. It's vital to speak with a board-certified dermatologistif dandruff persists despite these precautions to decide the best course of action for your particular situation.