Inflammation of the skin is generally referred to as dermatitis. This skin condition can be brought on by a variety of things, such as irritants, allergens, infections, and autoimmune diseases.

Depending on the source and severity of the underlying condition, dermatitis symptoms can vary, but they frequently include redness, itching, and a rash. On occasion, skin blisters can also develop.

Atopic dermatitis (eczema), contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and stasis dermatitis are a few examples of the several forms of dermatitis. While contact dermatitis happens when the skin comes into contact with an irritant or allergen, atopic dermatitis is a persistent, hereditary disorder that results in dry, itchy, and irritated skin. Stasis dermatitis is a type of dermatitis that develops on the lower legs in people with poor circulation, while seborrheic dermatitis is a common disorder that affects the scalp and other parts of the body with higher concentrations of oil glands.

Identifying and avoiding the cause of the irritation is usually the first step in treating dermatitis, along with applying topical creams, ointments, or oral drugs to lessen the inflammation and calm the skin. Other medical procedures or phototherapy can be required in some circumstances.

Dermatitis can be prevented by knowing what causes the reaction and avoiding it, as well as by taking precautions such as wearing gloves or barrier creams while in touch with potential irritants. The best treatment and preventative plans should be determined by consulting a board-certified dermatologist.

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