A persistent skin disorder known as eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is characterized by red, itchy, and irritated skin. It can involve a specific area or the entire body.   Eczemacan be seen in people of all ages, but children are the most frequently affected.

Eczema is assumed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors; however, its specific etiology is yet unknown. Eczema sufferers frequently have an overactive immune system that causes skin inflammation in response to specific triggers like stress, cold weather, or irritation.

Eczema can cause a variety of different symptoms, but the most common ones are red, itchy, and scaly patches of skin that are sometimes accompanied by blisters or weeping sores. Additionally, the affected areas may be dry, thickened, and susceptible to infection.

Identifying and avoiding the triggers that may lead to flare-ups is usually part of the eczema treatment plan, along with applying topical creams or ointments to soothe the skin and reduce inflammation. Oral medicines, biologics, or phototherapy could also be required in some circumstances.

Avoid strong soaps, perfumes, and other irritants that may aggravate symptoms and keep the skin hydrated. Eczema is a chronic disorder with no known cure; but with an appropriate self-care routine, the majority of affected individuals can manage their symptoms and live normal, healthy lives. To choose the best course of action for each specific situation, it is crucial to speak with a board-certified dermatologist.

Tap in for your consultation