Alopecia areata, a form of autoimmune illness that causes patchy hair loss, is brought on by the body's immune system attacking the hair follicles. It can happen on any part of the body with hair, although the scalp, eyebrows, and beard are the most frequently affected areas.
Although the precise etiology of alopecia areata is unknown, it is believed to be a result of a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. It could also be connected to autoimmune diseases like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or vitiligo.
Topical or injectable corticosteroids, which can help to lessen inflammation and encourage hair regeneration, are possible treatment choices for alopecia areata. Among the alternatives is topical immunotherapy, which is applying a substance to the afflicted area in order to stimulate an immune response and encourage hair growth. Oral drugs, such as immunosuppressants, may occasionally also be used to treat symptoms.
Modifying one's way of life can assist manage alopecia areata in addition to medicines. This can entail lowering stress levels, maintaining excellent scalp cleanliness, and shielding the scalp from sunlight.
The treatment for alopecia areata may not be appropriate for everyone, and outcomes may differ based on the severity of the problem, the patient's age and general health, and their compliance with the recommended course of action. In order to control your symptoms and enhance your quality of life, a dermatologist can assist in evaluating your specific requirements and creating an effective treatment plan.