Skin cells proliferate excessively quickly as a result of the chronic autoimmune disease psoriasis, resulting in thick, scaly areas of skin. Although the precise etiology of psoriasis is uncertain, it is believed to be linked to genetic issues and immune system problems.
Although psoriasis can develop anywhere on the body, the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back are the most often affected areas. The areas may be painful or uncomfortable, and the affected skin may be red, itchy, and scaly.
A combination of topical, oral, and injectable drugs is frequently used to treat psoriasis in order to reduce inflammation, inhibit the proliferation of skin cells, and relieve symptoms like itching and scaling. Corticosteroids, calcipotriene, tazarotene, or coal tar are examples of topical therapy; methotrexate, cyclosporine, or biologics such etanercept, adalimumab, or ustekinumab are examples of oral or injectable drugs.
Other psoriasis treatments may include topical moisturizers to help soothe and moisturise the skin, light therapy or phototherapy, which involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet light to slow down cell proliferation.
The following are some potential long-term consequences of not treating psoriasis:
- Joint damage: If untreated, psoriatic arthritis, a common consequence of psoriasis, can cause lifelong joint damage.
- Enhanced risk of other illnesses: Psoriasis has been connected to a higher risk of other illnesses like diabetes, depression, and cardiovascular disease.
- Lessened mobility and exercise: Psoriasis can be painful and uncomfortable, which makes it challenging for people to move or exercise. This raises the risk of obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.
- Social isolation: People with psoriasis may be self-conscious about how they look and avoid engaging in once-favorite activities or social situations.
Psoriasis can have a negative effect on a person's mental health, which includes elevated stress, anxiety, and sadness.
It's crucial to collaborate with a board-certified dermatologist or healthcare professional to choose the best course of action for your unique requirements and goals, as well as to monitor the condition and modify the course of action as necessary over time.