Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are spread through sexual contact. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or other microorganisms. Common STDs include:
- Chlamydia: A bacterial infection that can cause pain or discharge during urination, and in some cases, infertility. It can be treated with antibiotics.
- Gonorrhea: Another bacterial infection that can cause painful urination, discharge, and in some cases, infertility. It can be treated with antibiotics.
- Herpes: A viral infection that can cause painful blisters or sores around the genitals, mouth, or anus. There is no cure for herpes, but antiviral medications can help manage symptoms.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV): A viral infection that can cause genital warts and certain types of cancer. There is no cure for HPV, but there is a vaccine that can help prevent infection with some types of the virus.
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): A viral infection that attacks the immune system and can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV is treated with antiretroviral medications, which can help control the virus and prevent progression to AIDS.
- Syphilis: A bacterial infection that can cause sores or rashes on the genitals, mouth, or anus, and in some cases, can lead to serious health problems. It can be treated with antibiotics.
- Trichomoniasis: A parasitic infection that can cause itching, burning, and discharge in the genital area. It can be treated with antibiotics.
STDs can be prevented through safe sex practices, such as using condoms and getting regular STD testing. If you suspect you may have an STD, it's important to consult with a board-certified dermatologist for testing and treatment.