When the skin is exposed to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation for an extended period of time, sunburn develops. From minor redness and soreness to severe pain, blistering, and peeling, sunburns can range in severity.
The main cause of sunburn is exposure to UV radiation, which harms skin cells and raises the risk of skin cancer as well as early aging and wrinkles. Anybody who spends too much time in the sun without wearing enough protection can get a sunburn, but those with fair skin are more susceptible.
Symptom management techniques for sunburn include applying cool compresses, hydrating the skin, taking over-the-counter painkillers, and drinking enough of water to avoid dehydration. Prescription drugs could be required in extreme circumstances to control pain or stop infection.
Sunburn can have long-term repercussions, such as an increased risk of skin cancer, early aging, and skin discoloration. These long-term consequences can be prevented by covering exposed skin from the sun with clothing, hats, sunglasses, and sunscreen with at least SPF 30.